By Rozi Mohamed
This publication provides readers new details to appreciate the mechanism of agarwood induction and for this reason remove the myths surrounding agarwood formation. one of many demanding situations in maintaining agarwood assets is species identity. during this booklet, taxonomy and systematics of agarwood-producing timber from ancient and up to date views is mentioned, and guidance are given for choosing cultivated species. additionally, colour illustrations are given to focus on vegetative and reproductive features in addition to anatomical gains, for id reasons of either plant and agarwood resources. one other problem that planters are dealing with is in buying the right kind technique for agarwood induction, therefore improvement of agarwood induction applied sciences can be reviewed. A bankruptcy devoted to bioinduction is incorporated. The publication will include a bankruptcy at the use of non-destructive expertise as a administration device for cultivating agarwood. The booklet additionally discusses concerns when it comes to agarwood grades. The absence of a world usual that's applicable by way of manufacturer and purchaser international locations additional complicates the problem. different worthwhile details incorporates a systematic revelation of agarwood ingredients and their advanced chemistry, and highlights on a selected pharmaceutical property.
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Extra info for Agarwood: Science Behind the Fragrance
Since the 1900s, many workers have associated the agarwood zones to fungal infection (reviewed in Ng et al. 1997). Direct fungal isolation, microscopy, and more recently rDNA cloning and sequencing have revealed that the area in and surrounding agarwood zones do harbor a variety of fungi. Among them are members of the genera Aspergillus, Cunninghamella, Curvularia, Fusarium, Lasiodiplodia, Penicillium, Pythium, Trichoderma (Mohamed et al. 2010; Premalatha and Kalra 2013), and many others. In its natural surroundings, Aquilaria is highly exposed to a diverse group of microorganisms, whether in the rhizosphere in the soil (Nimnoi et al.
Between the two, A. sinensis is the only plant resource 2 Wood Resources, Identification, and Utilization of Agarwood in China 23 Fig. 1 Planted Aquilaria sinensis in Guangdong Province that can be used for producing agarwood for traditional medicine in China (Fig. 1). It has been used as genuine medicine for more than a thousand years. Aquilaria sinensis originates in Hainan, Guangdong, and parts of Guangxi and Yunnan provinces. At present, it is mainly produced in the Hainan Province. As early as the Tang and Song Dynasties, A.
There are two major terminal markets in the international trade of agarwood. They are northeast Asia (Taiwan, Japan and South Korea) and West Asia (the Middle East). As a very important trading hub, Singapore has been the largest trading market for the import and export trade of agarwood. The import volume alone of agarwood wood chips in the Middle East rapidly increased from 56 tonnes in 2004 to 162 tonnes in 2007, an increase of 300 % within 4 years. Taiwan and Hong Kong in China have also been major importing regions.