By Fay Botham
During this interesting cultural background of interracial marriage and its criminal rules within the usa, Fay Botham argues that religion--specifically, Protestant and Catholic ideals approximately marriage and race--had an important influence on felony judgements relating miscegenation and marriage within the century following the Civil struggle. Botham argues that divergent Catholic and Protestant theologies of marriage and race, strengthened by way of neighborhood variations among the West and the South, formed the 2 pivotal circumstances that body this quantity, the 1948 California splendid courtroom case of Perez v. Lippold (which effectively challenged California's antimiscegenation statutes at the grounds of non secular freedom) and the 1967 U.S. ideally suited court docket case Loving v. Virginia (which declared felony bans on interracial marriage unconstitutional). Botham contends that the white southern Protestant inspiration that God "dispersed" the races, in preference to the yank Catholic emphasis on human cohesion and customary origins, issues to ways in which faith motivated the process litigation and illuminates the spiritual bases for Christian racist and antiracist pursuits.
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Extra resources for Almighty God Created the Races: Christianity, Interracial Marriage, and American Law
The CIC played a central yet behind-the-scenes role in the story of Andrea Perez and Sylvester Davis, for it was there that their attorney, Daniel Marshall, had undertaken his vision of racially integrating Los Angeles, starting with the Catholic Church. In 1944, Marshall, along with his friends Ted LeBerthon and African American physician Thomas Peyton—a vocal and very progressive trio of advocates of racial equality—decided to create a Los Angeles chapter of the Catholic Interracial Council. St.
Founded in the early 1780s as El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Angeles del Río de Porciúncula, and composed of Native American tribes and Spanish priests and soldiers, the City of Angels exemplified the mix of cultures that occurred after the European “discovery” of the New World. 12 But by the 1920s, more than 100,000 people each year were moving into southern California, and many of them were people of color. Mexico’s Revolution of 1910 spurred many of its citizens to go north. According to George M.
Whatever discrimination is made in the punishment prescribed in the two sections is directed against the offence designated and not against the person of any particular color or race. 75 Though this decision addressed adultery rather than marriage, Pace, along with Green, became the most important precedents for cases challenging antimiscegenation statutes. The Court’s narrow-construing logic—that such laws were constitutional because there was no discrimination against either race, insofar as both parties were punished equally—became the prevalent interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment in subsequent antimiscegenation cases in state courts, as well as in state and federal cases involving racial discrimination and civil liberties.