By Charles Wankel
Offers an account of the main position of Polish scholar activities within the rebirth in their kingdom. It presents a heritage of pupil activism in Poland and explains the context during which contemporary alterations have occurred.
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Additional info for Anti-Communist Student Organizations and the Polish Renewal
In June the first issue of an ARO periodical appeared, Po prostu his-its title echoing a fifties' students' weekly, Po Prostu. 218 SKSs undertook the commemoration of important national anniversaries disregarded by the authorities. Z 19 The Communist regime had replaced this holiday with 22 July, commemorating the initial manifesto in 1944 of the Polish Communist government, the Polish Committee of National Liberation (PKWN). In Cracow Wojciech Sikora, that city's official SKS representative at the ceremony, was, along with others, detained and beaten for attempting to lay wreaths at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on the former holiday's date.
160 The SZSP, with the acquiescence of Party and school officials, attempted to disrupt SKS activities. For instance, they destroyed The Context 31 SKS-run underground bookstores, sometimes violently, including one run by the Warsaw SKS in a dorm. 161 Four of the students who had run this information center were evicted from their dormitory rooms at the Kicki Street residence hall. 162 The first issue that they tackled was the defense of a second-year student at the Academy of Catholic Theology, Maciej Grzywaczewski, who had been expelled in July 1977 for allegedly not fulfilling certain student responsibilities.
This was repeated several times. Finally they let us out ... " 199 On occasion antisemitic insults were hurled. 200 A number of the violent and disruptive youths were recognized as students. 201 Many were martial arts and The Context 39 wrestling experts from the SZSP at the Academy of Physical Education. Jerzy Folcik, a fourth year student and the Chairman of the College Council of the SZSP at that college, was involved in the violent disruptions. " Soon after he " ... was presented with his [Communist] Party card by the Party leader, Edward Gierek, at a special ceremony broadcast on television.