By T. C. Smout
The 1st glossy heritage of Scottish woodlands, this hugely illustrated quantity explores the altering dating among bushes and other people from the time of Scotland's first payment, concentrating on the interval 1500 to 1920. Drawing on paintings in typical technology, geography and historical past, in addition to at the authors' personal study, it provides an available and readable account that balances social, financial and environmental components. starting chapters describe the early historical past of the woodlands. The ebook is then divided into chapters that reflect on conventional makes use of and administration, the influence of outsiders at the pine woods and the oakwoods within the first part of exploitation, and the impact of industrialization. Separate chapters are dedicated to case reviews of administration at Strathcarron, Glenorchy, Rothiemurchus, and on Skye. (10/1/05)
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Extra info for A History of the Native Woodlands of Scotland, 1500-1920
58–9. H. Cheape, ‘Woodlands on the Clanranald estates’, in T. C. ), Scotland Since Prehistory: Natural Change and Human Impact (Aberdeen, 1993), p. 54. A. Carlisle, ‘Impact of man on the native pinewoods’, in Bunce and Jeffers, Native Pinewoods, p. 70. A. Crone and C. M. Mills, ‘Seeing the wood and the trees: dendrochronological studies in Scotland’, Scottish Woodland History Discussion Group Notes, 7 (2002), pp. 14–22. The authors (pers. ) have withdrawn their suggestion (p. 15) that Viking raids might have caused a contraction of settlement to safer, inland locations.
Victorious! But at what a cost . . ’ 8 That the dominant image of a Caledonian forest today is one of Caledonian pine is due solely to a coincidence of names and to the manner in which Nairne located the heart of the Great Wood in Speyside. 9 This account was little challenged for over eighty years and indeed received a considerable boost from the writings of Frank Fraser Darling in the 1940s, who retold the story in essentially the same terms as Nairne, though with a greater emphasis on capitalist ironmasters and speculators, and made it the hinge of his explanation for the ecological deterioration of the Highlands, the collapse of a harmonious, wood-covered, diverse ecosystem into an impoverished ‘wet desert’.
There are many good arguments for planting trees in Scotland – to maintain employment, to give pleasure, to help carbon sequestration and to assist nature conservation. But it seems there may be fewer arguments from history than usually assumed, and none for restoring the fantastical Great Wood of Caledon. For most of the first fifteen centuries of the Christian era, we know fewer hard facts about the history of the Scottish woods than in the late prehistoric period, partly because few palynological investigations have been carried out.