By Olga Tellegen-Couperus
An important production of the Romans used to be their legislations. during this booklet, Dr Tellegen-Couperus discusses the way the Roman jurists created and built legislation and how within which Roman legislation has come all the way down to us. distinctive cognizance is given to questions reminiscent of `who have been the jurists and their legislation colleges' and to the shut connection among jurists and the politics in their time.
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Extra info for A short history of Roman law
Two consuls were to hold the highest office in the magistrature and it was stipulated that from then on one of these was to be chosen from the plebeians. At the same time the supervision of civil litigation (iurisdictio) was entrusted to a new magistrate, the praetor. Other magistrates were the censor, the aedile and the quaestor. There was no official hierarchy in these functions: each magistrate was responsible for his own decisions. In practice, there emerged an order in which the offices were held; one first became a quaestor, then an aedile or tribune, then a praetor and finally a consul.
Where possible the existing territorial organisation was maintained. During the republic the inhabitants of the conquered territories were not granted Roman citizenship; nevertheless, they had to pay tax to Rome. Although the Romans dominated the conquered peoples militarily and economically they did not always do so culturally. From the second century BC Rome became strongly influenced by Greek culture and particularly by Greek literature, philosophy and the fine arts. 3. THE POPULATION When it was stipulated by the leges Liciniae Sextiae in 367 that one of the two consuls had to be a plebeian, the dividing line between patricians and plebeians hardly existed any more: from then on the main distinction was simply between rich citizens and poor citizens.
Not only did he succeed in eradicating piracy in the Mediterranean area, but he also managed to defeat Mithridates and reorganise the administration of the conquered territory in Asia Minor, Syria and Palestine. When, upon his return to Italy, he tried to look after his veterans, he—like Marius before him—encountered strong opposition from the senate. Thereupon he formed a triumvirate with two senators, C. Licinius Crassus, his aim being to divide up the power and bypass the senate (60 BC). This triumvirate was renewed in 56 BC but when Crassus was killed in 53 BC in the war against the Parthians, the relations between Pompey and Caesar rapidly deteriorated.